Bipolar and Mental Illnesses are written about here.

Posts tagged ‘memory’

Status

Noopept and its Benefits 

Noopept and its Benefits

“Noopept is the brand name for N-phenylacetyl-L-prolylglycine ethyl ester, a Nootropic molecule similar to Piracetam. Noopept may alleviate cognitive decline.”

“Noopept is the brand name for N-phenylacetyl-L-prolylglycine ethyl ester , a synthetic nootropic molecule.”

“Noopept has a similar effect to piracetam, in that it provides a mild cognitive boost after supplementation. Noopept also provides a subtle psychostimulatory effect.”

The other week, my husband bought the Noopept you see above, and told me that I should start taking it to help with my memory. He told me how it can help reverse memory loss and help with cognition. So far, I’ve been taking it for about 10 days and I can already sense that something has happened, or is happening to my memory. I have been able to recall certain memories with a much clearer view, so to say. It’s very hard to explain. I feel like I can reach certain memories in my head, but not all of them like the way I can, now that I’ve been using Noopept. I certainly recommend it for anyone at any age. Don’t wait till it’s too late to reverse damage. Help your brain today. 

“Noopept is one of the strongest nootropics available on the market today. It provides a boost to overall cognition and has a slight psychostimulatory effect. Contrary to most nootropics, Noopept’s effects start within mere minutes of ingestion making it an excellent choice right before mentally demanding tasks.”

“Noopept is a nootropic supplement that’s been getting a lot of attention lately. It has close ties to the popular racetam family of nootropics that are known for their benefits on cognitive ability as well their neuroprotective properties. What makes Noopept a unique nootropic in your toolbox is that its effects are felt almost immediately after ingestion.”

“Many nootropics can take days, weeks, or even months, for their full effects to kick in but Noopept is another story. Another nootropic that compares to Noopept’s immediate effects is phenylpiracetam.”

“Currently, Noopept is being prescribed and distributed in Russia and its surrounding countries for its nootropic properties. Its popularity has drastically increased and is now distributed worldwide.”

“Noopept as a nootropic is commonly compared to piracetam and aniracetam. It works via a similar mechanism as piracetam but is estimated to be 1,000 to 5,000 times more potent. This doesn’t imply that its effect is more profound, it just attunes itself better to the brain’s receptors. As a result, Noopept can be taken in relatively smaller doses to produce similar effects as that of Piracetam.”

What are benefits of taking Noopept? 

•Memory and Learning

“Noopept’s most emphasized benefit is how it can enhance memory and improve the learning process. Noopept, like Piracetam, assists with memory formation, but with additional benefits not present in the latter, which are memory consolidation and memory retrieval. Noopept facilitates the proper management of all forms of stimuli as they are processed by the brain, which allows for better memory retrieval. In other words, signals being processed by our senses are more streamlined as they are transported into our brains in the form of memory.”

“Through the continued use of Noopept, you will notice that you can digest more information and process it more readily for use in your daily activities. You might even recall names, places, maybe a word spoken in a chance encounter, a song title that you thought you had forgotten before, and so on. Memory lapses will be a thing of the past, or at least kept to a minimum.”


•Neuroprotective Properties

“Studies show that Noopept has high neuroprotective properties. The stimulation of the neurons caused by the health supplement prevents oxidative damage and apoptosis in the human brain. Many patients dealing with cognitive impairment regularly can benefit from a regular dosage of Noopept to prevent further dissociative cognitive functions.”


•Increased levels of NGF

“NGF (Nerve Growth Factor) is a unique protein in the body that is involved in the growth, maintenance, and survival of nerve cells, including brain cells. NGF is also considered to be a key player in neurogenesis, your body’s ability to create new cells.”


“By increasing NGF levels in the brain, we support the mechanisms involved in neurogenesis which improves the performance of neural networks within the brain, allowing for new neural connections. The result means potentially improved mental abilities in virtually all areas of cognition.”




•Increased levels of BDNF

“BDNF (Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor) is another protein in the body that has a similar role to the NGF mentioned above. BDNF is considered one of the most important molecules involved in memory, playing a vital role in both short-term and long-term memory formation.”

•Improves Associations between Brain Hemispheres

“Both the right and left hemispheres of the brain have their own localized functions. Through the use of Noopept, each of these functions can be enhanced through the synthesis of various memories, ideas, and stimuli. There are nuances among these functions that enhance the way we think. That is why a lot of people have claimed that their quality of life had a significant improvement when taking Noopept in regular doses.”

If you want to read more about how Noopept works, its dosaging, and stacking; read the whole article. 

Source: braintropic.com

Source: Noopept

Advertisements
Status

Bipolar and Memory Loss

Bipolar and Memory Loss


I began noticing small bits of memory loss after I had been diagnosed bipolar. At first I thought I was having “a moment”, but then I noticed that whenever I would be in a manic state, I would have terrible memory loss and be unable to remember words, or their meanings. I’d have a hard time putting a sentence together without all the words being curse words. When I a in a manic state, I just can’t think like I usually can. I wondered about it and wanted to know if I’m alone. Well I’m not. There’s a perfectly good explanation for it, and it also teaches people that memory loss was just another factor we had to add in to being bipolar and all that comes with it. 


Bipolar and memory loss can be a real problem! And to make matters worse, sometimes the cognitive symptoms of bipolar such as memory loss, lack of focus, and fuzzy thinking are made worse by medication, adding insult to injury.”

“So why does bipolar disorder create problems with thinking as well as mood?”

“Memory, attention and concentration can all be disrupted by the same neurotransmitter disturbances that cause mood swings.”

“This undermines our ability to study, to work, and even interferes with personal relationships.”


“However, the better these problems are understood, the easier they are to deal with.”

“As well as discussing the what and the why of memory problems in bipolar disorder, we are going to discuss some techniques that can minimize the problem.”

“Let’s begin by looking at how the different types of memory are affected by bipolar . . .”


Memory types and bipolar disorder:

1.”Bipolar disorder and the loss of semantic memory: Semantic memory is long term memory for facts, definitions of words, and other concepts that make up our general knowledge about the world.”

“Studies do not indicate a link between bipolar disorder and loss of semantic memory. For example, even during a profound episode of mania or depression, we are likely to remember that London is in England, that ducklings grow up to be ducks, and that a dictionary contains definitions for words.”


2. “Loss of sensory memory and bipolar: Sensory memory is the retention of stimulus received through our senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch. Sensory perception is sometimes disturbed during bipolar disorder, for example the hallucinations experienced in bipolar psychosis.”

“However, this is not the same as a loss of sensory memory. Research in this area is lacking, but it seems that bipolar disorder does not interfere with how we remember the smell of roses, the color of the sky, or the softness (or crispness) of our favorite sheets.”


3. “Procedural memory loss and bipolar disorder: Procedural memory is all about remembering processes – how to do things. Again, bipolar disorder does not prevent us from remembering how to take a shower and get dressed again, or how to drive a car. (Of course if depressed, we may not have the energy and motivation for a shower. If manic, we may dress more colorfully and in a more sexually provocative way. And driving when manic can be reckless and aggressive. All of this relates to the “mood” aspects of bipolar, not the “mind” of cognitive processing and memory.)”



4. “Problems with working memory in bipolar disorder: Most of the memory and bipolar research has involved working memory. This research has shown that people with bipolar disorder do experience difficulties with working memory. Working memory is the short term storage of information while we are actually using it to perform a task. In a delightful definition, the “current contents of consciousness”. A popular theory is that people with bipolar disorder experience signalling problems in the prefontal cortex of the brain, which then does not communicate properly with the amygdala, leading to the mood swings, and disrupting executive functioning and information processing.”




5. “Long term memory loss and bipolar: There is conflicting evidence about whether or not bipolar disorder impairs long term memory. The theory I like about why the evidence conflicts comes from Manic-Depressive Illness: Bipolar Disorders and Recurrent Depression, 2nd Edition, by Dr Fred Goodwin and Dr Kay Jamison.”

“They suggest that there may not be deficits in long term memory and that the reason the studies conflict relates to problems with research methods. The studies that show long term memory loss are really only showing what we already know about problems with working memory – people did not forget. Rather, they were never able to acquire the information in the first place.”
“How should we address the challenges caused by bipolar and memory loss?”

“As stated above, bipolar and memory loss makes it hard for us to study, work, and even causes relationship problems.”




Managing bipolar and memory loss

  • So what can we do about bipolar and memory loss?

We can structure tasks to make them easier.

1. Take the time to analyze tasks and break them down into small steps. Although this takes time and effort we may feel we just don’t have, it will make life easier in the long run. The idea is to structure things into smaller pieces that put less strain on working memory. Do this in writing. Using index cards can be useful because steps can be rearranges and there is room to add notes. Doctors Brondolo and Amodor advise to keep breaking things down until each step is no bigger than a 4 if you imagine a rating scale of 1-10 in difficulty.

So if you are bipolar and having memory loss, this could be why. I hope this article helped clear up why those who suffer from bipolar disorder have memory loss. Jokingly, we can to add memory loss to the list of all the problems we deal with daily anyways, because bipolar persons are awesome! 

Source : Bipolar Lives

Status

Bipolar and Memory Loss

  

Read the whole article at: Bipolar and Memory Loss

“People with bipolar disorder often report problems with memory and cognition. They have trouble with short- and long-term memory, think things through at subdued speeds, and have difficulty thinking outside that so-called box.”

  
“These memory problems can pose considerable challenges for bipolar patients. One recent study presented the case of a 48-year-old computer programmer who had severe memory problems as one of his bipolar symptoms. His job was at stake because he had difficulty mentally accessing information memorized prior to the onset of his bipolar disorder. He told doctors that he was sure he knew the information, but couldn’t figure out how to get to it. He would eventually remember the information, but it could take hours before it would come to him.”

  
Memory Loss and Bipolar Disorder

“Memory problems in bipolar disorder typically have been considered a side effect of the manic highs and depressive lows of the condition:”

  • Mania. Some studies have shown that memory and cognition problems are at their worst during manic episodes. Patients operating at high speeds due to mania have a hard time encoding new information into their memories and also show difficulty accessing memories.
  • Depression. Other research has revealed that depressive phases also can create problems with memory. “When your mind is preoccupied with negative thoughts about yourself, your world, your future, you aren’t as able to concentrate and [be] in the moment,” says Michael Thase, MD, professor of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center in Philadelphia. “If your mind is occupied at one level, there’s less capacity to pay attention and encode and store information.””

  
“More recent research has found that bipolar patients who are between mood swings also have memory problems and other cognitive deficits. That has lead some doctors to question whether mood swings are the real reason patients endure memory loss issues. Other possible explanations include:”

  
“Differences in brain chemistry and function related to bipolar disorder. “It may be that depression causes memory troubles both in a mental way — by occupying your mind — and also in a neurobiological way by inhibiting the connectivity between nerve cells,” Dr. Thase says.”

  
“Side effects of medications prescribed for bipolar symptoms. “You also can have memory problems with several of the more commonly prescribed medications, lithium being the most notorious,” Thase says.”

Status

OCD and Memory

 OCD 

Having OCD is hard sometimes. I just want to keep making everything clean and find it hard to stop. I have been OCD for as long as I can remember. I inherited it from my father. My craziest OCD memory of him was re-vacuuming my bedroom, right after I had just vacuumed. He claimed I “didn’t do it right”. As if there’s a wrong way to vacuum. That was when I really started understanding my dad was truly OCD. It controls my life in areas that I need to learn to let go – and just relax for one minute, before cleaning and organizing everything I can. Well, if you can relate, please read about how our memory is so involved in OCD, and appreciate this little disorder.

OCD and Memory
“Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety (obsessions) and repetitive behaviours aimed at reducing the anxiety (compulsions). Symptoms may include repetitive hand-washing, a generalized fear of contamination, extensive hoarding, preoccupation with sexual or aggressive impulses or with particular religious beliefs, aversion to odd numbers, and nervous habits such as repeated opening and closing of doors, constant organizing of objects in certain ways, obsessive counting of events, etc.”

  
“OCD may be seen as a result of an imbalance between long-term memory and short-term memory processes. A sufferer may be stuck in a mental loop where long-term memory is in control of the subject’s brain to such an extent that their reactions are solely based on memory without the influence of the input (other than as a trigger for the memory).”

  
“Neuroimaging studies show, however, that OCD patients perform considerably better on procedural memory tasks (memory of skills and how to do things) due to over-activation of the striatum brain structures, specifically the frontostriatal circuit. Thus, the procedural memory in OCD patients may actually be improved in its early learning stages.”

  
“Although there is no scientific evidence to suggest that people with OCD have any problems with verbal memory (remembering information that has been stored verbally or in the form of words), it has been consistently found that people with OCD show deficits in non-verbal, visual or spacial memory. Also, people with OCD (particularly those whose symptoms involve compulsive checking) tend to have less confidence in their memory than those without OCD, even if this level of confidence is not actually related to their actual performance on memory tasks, and the worse the OCD symptoms are, the worse this confidence in memory seems to be. This may explain to some extent the repetitive nature of many OCD symptoms.”

  
“OCD has been linked to abnormalities with the neurotransmitter serotonin, and to miscommunication between the different parts of the brain involved in problem solving. In normal usage, when a problem or task is identified in the orbitofrontal cortex at the front of the brain, it is dealt with in the cingulate cortex, and the caudate nucleus is then responsible for marking the problem as resolved and removing any worry over it. In OCD sufferers, it is thought that the caudate nucleus may be dysfunctional and so this resolution never occurs, leading to increased worry and a recurring and ever-intensifying loop in behaviour.”

  
“Recent improvements in the understanding of the neuroplasticity of the brain may lead to a potential cure for the disorder. If the obsessive compulsive behaviour is consistently identified as such by the sufferer (so that, instead of thinking “I need to wash my hands”, the patient gets into the habit of thinking “it is my OCD which is making me think that I need to wash my hands”), a neuroplastic rewiring of the brain can be induced over time, so that the caudate can be used to work for, rather than against, the patient, in a constructive manner. Recent trials in this kind of behaviour therapy, sometimes referred to as “exposure and response prevention”, have produced some very positive results.”

  

Tag Cloud

%d bloggers like this: